IRS provides details on qualified research credit

IRS provides details on qualified research credit

During a December 1 payroll industry conference call, the IRS discussed the recent increase in the qualified small business payroll tax credit for increasing research activities as provided under the Inflation Reduction Act.

Background: A provision of the Inflation Reduction Act allows a “qualified small business” (QSB), for tax years beginning after December 31, 2022, to apply an additional $250,000 in qualifying expenses as a payroll tax credit against the employer share of Medicare. Prior to the act, a QSB could apply $250,000 against the employer share of Social Security. The total credit that may be applied will be $500,000 beginning after December 31, 2022. Unused amounts of the credit may be carried over.  

Future form revisions: The IRS noted that Form 6765 (Credit for Increasing Research Activities) and its instructions must be revised and will reflect the increased $500,000 limit for the payroll tax credit election. Further, Form 8974 (Qualified Small Business Payroll Tax Credit for Increasing Research Activities) and its instructions must be updated to calculate the amount of credit that can be applied against both Social Security and Medicare. The IRS anticipates the updated forms to be released during the first quarter of 2023.

Claiming the credit: The IRS emphasized that the calculation of the credit does not change on Form 6765 and that only the amount of the credit increases. This form is attached to tax returns as an annual election and cannot be made for the tax year if the election was made for five or more preceding tax years. Taxpayers can claim the credit on Form 941 starting with the first quarter that began after the election. Form 8974 must be completed and attached to Form 941. When the new election with the $500,000 limit is made on Form 6765 that is in effect for 2023 tax year, the IRS expects that it will be claimed in 2024.

Electronic filing of Form 8974: This form is available to be filed electronically. Moreover, Form 8974 can be used to indicate up to a $250,000 credit for the employer share of Social Security and an additional $250,000 credit for the employer share of Medicare. Amounts that are not used can be carried over to a subsequent employment tax return.

Source: Thomson Reuters

IRS provides details on qualified research credit

Inflation Reduction Act indirectly impacts employer-sponsored group health plans

Congress has passed, and the President has signed, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022. While the legislation largely focuses on climate change mitigation and deficit reduction, several provisions are of interest to group health plan sponsors and their advisors. Here they are as followed:

Enhanced Premium Tax Credit: The favorable premium tax credit rules adopted in the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) will now remain in effect through 2025. As background, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) created a refundable premium tax credit, which is available on a sliding-scale basis for individuals and families who are enrolled in an Exchange health plan and who are not eligible for other qualifying coverage or affordable employer-sponsored health insurance plans providing minimum value.

The ACA limits the credit to taxpayers with household income between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty line who purchase insurance through an Exchange health plan. ARPA eliminated the upper income limit for eligibility and increased the amount of the premium tax credit by decreasing, in all income bands, the percentage of household income that individuals must contribute for Exchange coverage. The adjusted percentage ranges from zero to 8.5%.

Medicare Prescription Drug Cost Reductions: Several cost reduction measures will benefit enrollees in Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage. Beginning in 2023, cost-sharing for insulin will be capped at $35 per month. Annual Part D out-of-pocket prescription drug costs will be capped at $2,000 starting in 2025. For the first time, the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) will be authorized and required to negotiate certain Medicare drug prices with manufacturers beginning in 2026. In addition, starting in 2023, manufacturers must pay Medicare a rebate if average prices of certain drugs increase faster than inflation.

Note: Because the legislation does not include comparable prescription drug cost reductions for private plans, there is some concern that reduced costs for Medicare enrollees will result in increased costs for employer plans and participants as price increases are shifted to private plans to make up for lost revenue.

Insulin-Related HDHP Safe Harbor: The legislation amends to provide that plans will not lose their HDHP status by reason of failing to have a deductible for certain insulin products. This provision is effective for plan years beginning after December 31, 2022.

Note: The provision codifies and expands IRS guidance that allows HDHPs to provide insulin on a no-deductible or low-deductible basis under specified circumstances without adversely affecting HSA eligibility.

Source: Thomson Reuters

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